The Hepatitis B virus spread when blood , semen, or other body fluids from an infected person enters the body of someone who is not infected. The virus can spread through;
- Sex with an infected person. Among adults, Hepatitis B is often spread through sexual contact.
- Injection drug use. Sharing needles, syringes, and any other equipment to inject drugs with someone infected with Hepatitis B can spread the virus.
- Outbreaks. While uncommon, poor infection control has resulted in outbreaks of Hepatitis B in healthcare settings.
- Birth. Hepatitis B can be passed from an infected mother to her baby at birth. Worldwide, most people with Hepatitis B were infected with the virus as an infant.
Hepatitis B is not spread through breastfeeding, sharing eating utensils, hugging, kissing, holding hands, coughing, or Sneezing. Unlike some forms of hepatitis B is also not spread by contaminated food or water.